Emergency Preparedness and Being Weather Prepared During Severe Weather Season.

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Preparedness and Training LLC

PO Box 1491

Conway, AR 72033




Emergency Preparedness and Being Weather Prepared During Severe Weather Season.

Preparedness and Training LLC prides itself on bringing awareness to people about being prepared for multiple situations.  We focus on Health & Safety Training including but not limited to CPR/AED/First Aid Training, building custom first aid kits and thinking outside the box by helping people remember their family pets during natural disasters.  With the Spring season upon us and living in a southern state, tornadoes are something we face yearly and with different levels of severity.  The key is, knowing you cannot hide from a tornado, but you can take all measures to stay as safe as possible and be prepared. 

With the technology we have today, early warning systems are way more accurate than they ever have been and with social media, we can stay constantly connected to updated weather information and stay in touch with extended family to make sure they know we are safe if our area has been hit by a dreaded severe storm. 

What can you do to stay connected?  Keep all your electronic devices charged.  If there is a watch or warning issued, make sure before the storms get to your area, charge your phones, laptop/tablets and your external battery packs.  External battery packs can be purchased that are charged via electricity and there are some that are charge via solar power.  This will allow you to stay connected in the event there is an extend loss of electricity.  If there is a prediction that there will be an extended time that the electricity will be off, conserve your batteries by not constantly using them and resort to text messages versus watching video and calling.  Text messages use less power and your battery will last longer during the recovery portion of severe weather. 

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention says: Knowing what to do when you see a tornado, or when you hear a tornado warning, can help protect you and your family. During a tornado, people face hazards from extremely high winds and risk being struck by flying and falling objects. After a tornado, the wreckage left behind poses additional injury risks. Although nothing can be done to prevent tornadoes, there are actions you can take for your health and safety.

What is the difference between watches and warnings? The Center for Disease Control and Prevention define each as:  A tornado watch is issued when weather conditions favor the formation of tornadoes, for example, during a severe thunderstorm.

During a tornado watch, Stay tuned to local radio and TV stations or a National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather RadioExternal for further weather information and Watch the weather and be prepared to take shelter immediately if conditions worsen.  A tornado warning is issued when a tornado funnel is sighted or indicated by weather radar. You should take shelter immediately.

There are a vast number of resources to include each member of your family to participate in the preparedness movement.  The Arkansas Department of Emergency Management has a youth preparedness program that includes kids of all ages in the preparedness movement. The American Red Cross has a number of  Apps available for download on your smart phones as well as plans to help your family follow in order to put survival kits together.   

Be Red Cross Ready

It’s as easy as 1-2-3! Getting prepared may sound difficult or time consuming but – with a little help from the Red Cross – its very doable.


Get a Kit

Learn the essential supplies to put in your family’s survival kit. This includes not only items you need at home, but helps you get important family paperwork in order to have with you in case you need to evacuate.  One thing listed that many family members forget about and that is medication. Click the link above to start putting your family kit together. 


Make a Plan

Plan effectively for you and your family in case of an emergency.


Be Informed

Understand which disasters are likely to occur in your area and what you must know to stay safe.  More ways to prepare  Make a First Aid Kit  See our recommendations for what to include in your kit.

Ready.gov has a so many resources for children to learn through interactive activities.  One of my favorite activities listed for children is the Disaster Master game that walks kids through scenarios for different national disasters. 

When it comes to animals, we need to build a kit specifically for them.  Build a Kit for your animals.  Include basic survival items and items to keep your pet happy and comfortable. Start with this list, or download Preparing Makes Sense for Pet Owners-Emergency Preparedness Pet Kit List (PDF)  to find out exactly what items your pet needs to be Ready.

  • Food. At least a three day supply in an airtight, waterproof container.
  • Water. At least three days of water specifically for your pets.
  • Medicines and medical records.
  • Important documents. Registration information, adoption papers and vaccination documents. Talk to your veterinarian about microchipping and enrolling your pet in a recovery database.
  • First aid kit. Cotton bandage rolls, bandage tape and scissors; antibiotic ointment; flea and tick prevention; latex gloves, isopropyl alcohol and saline solution. Including a pet first aid reference book is a good idea too.
  • Collar or harness with ID tag, rabies tag and a leash.
  • Crate or pet carrier. Have a sturdy, safe crate or carrier in case you need to evacuate. The carrier should be large enough for your pet to stand, turn around and lie down.
  • Sanitation. Pet litter and litter box if appropriate, newspapers, paper towels, plastic trash bags and household chlorine bleach.
  • A picture of you and your pet together. If you become separated, a picture of you and your pet together will help you document ownership and allow others to assist you. Add species, breed, age, sex, color and distinguishing characteristics.
  • Familiar items. Familiar items, such as treats, toys and bedding can help reduce stress for your pet.

For more information on specific natural disasters, visit https://www.cdc.gov/disasters/index.html

To take your preparedness a step further, take a CPR/AED/First Aid Class.  There are classes for every age group.  Preparedness and Training offers basic aid classes for scouts and kids age 7-10, babysitter training and basic first aid for ages 10-15, teenage only CPR Classes, Lay responder & Healthecare provider CPR classes and Seniors Being Prepared classes.  Visit our website and calendar to take a training class at our facility or contact us about bring a class to your group. 

I hope you found this information valuable and useful to keep your family safe and prepared during severe weather season. 

Barbara Jackson MS, CHES, EMT

Preparedness and Training LLC

Passing the Test

What does it take to make the grade?  Some CPR/First Aid courses require an exam as part of the completion process.  A couple of those courses include, but not limited to, American Heart Association BLS, American Red Cross BLS and CPR for Professional Rescuers. So how do you make the grade with these seemingly tricky questions. . . Well lets look at a couple of examples.


Lets see if you can guess the answer first. . . . . do you have a guess?

You see a woman collapse in front of you while entering the lobby of your office building. You check the scene and then check the person for responsiveness and breathing. She does not respond but is breathing normally. What should you do next?

  1. Call or have someone else call 9-1-1 or the designated emergency number.
  2. Check for breathing again.
  3. Drive the person to the hospital.
  4. Give 2 rescue breaths.

Ok, lets break down the options.  We know our emergency action steps are Check – Call – Care.  This is the typical sequence of events to help protect you in an emergency situation.  The question has already said you have completed the two tiers of the check.  You checked the scene and then you checked the person for responsiveness. . . if you are following standard protocol of the Check – Call – Care, you have completed the CHECK.  The second step would be to CALL.  The only option that mentioned CALL is option “A”, you can eliminate B, C and D because they do not proceed in to the CALL option.


Lets take a look at another question. Take a look and make a guess to see if you can select the correct answer. . . hold that thought.

  • Which of the following is advised to control severe bleeding on the scalp?
  1. Direct pressure on the wound
  2. Direct pressure on the wound with a warm pack
  3. Direct pressure on the wound with a cold pack
  4. Direct pressure on the wound followed by a tourniquet


Ok, lets break down the options.  We know if we have a bleeding wound we apply direct pressure, but this says we have a scalp (head) injury that is bleeding. . . Well under no circumstance should you ever place a tourniquet around someone’s head so that automatically eliminates option D.  We do not want to put hard direct pressure on a head, but we want to put light pressure on a head wound incase the skull is fractured so that eliminates option “A”.  Now this only leaves direct pressure with either warm or cold packs.  Well the best option of the two would be. . . Heat actually increases blood circulation by dilating  blood vessels and cold restricts blood vessels.  Even though it says direct, you would go with the cold to help slow bleeding.


Lets take one more option to see if this might help you pass that exam. . . you know the drill, make a guess first and then lets break down the options. . . and GO!



  • Why is allowing complete chest recoil important when performing high-quality CPR?
  1. the heart will adequately refill between compressions
  2. there will be a reduction of rescuer fatigue
  3. the rate of chest compressions will increase
  4. it will reduce the risk of rib fractures

OK, so chest recoil is allowing the chest to come all the way back up before you push down again.  So the risk of breaking ribs is already there so it is not going to reduce it so that eliminates option “D”.  You are not changing you speed to the rate is not changing and that eliminates option “C”. and since you are not changing rate, speed but trying to be consistent, there is nothing saying you will not get tired but there is not reduction in getting tired if you do this, in fact you will increase fatigue the longer you do CPR alone so that also eliminates option “B”, leaving only option “A” as a correct choice.


I hope you found these tips on breaking down the awkwardly worded questions on some of those CPR tests.


As always, stay trained, be prepared, find a class and help save a life.



First Aid for Pets

Happy March. March is the beginning of spring and people are starting to enjoy the great outdoors in the warmer weather. When families get outside they usually include all of the family including those beloved. I am a mother to a four legged fur child and I do all I can to make sure he is safe and out of harms way. Knowing some basic first aid tips for pets can help you handle some of the issues that we pets parents face.

This month I would like to remind you that there is such a thing as Pet First Aid. The American Red Cross has a great curriculum that is accompanied by a manual specifically for dogs and one specifically for cats. When we are outside and enjoying this nice weather our pets can become injured as well as daily maintenance people need to know about to be the best pet parent they can possibly be.

The American Red Cross curriculum covers dog topics such as: Protect Your Dog’s Health, Giving Your Dog Medications, Be Prepared, How to Know if It’s a Medical Emergency, Respond to a Breathing or Heart Emergency, First Aid Reference Guide: Allergies, Bite Wounds, Bone, Muscle and Joint Injuries, Choking, Ear Problems, Poisoning, and 63 other common canine medical emergencies

Similar to the Cat training the Dog First Aid is a valuable resource for dog owners, as well as dog handlers for therapy dogs, police K-9 units and search and rescue units. This guide provides information on:

  • Symptoms and care for nearly 70 common canine ailments and emergencies
  • Instructions for creating a pet first aid kit and giving medications
  • How to recognize and respond to a medical emergency until veterinary care is available
  • Tips for maintaining your pet’s health and well-being
  • Includes a DVD demonstrating how to perform many of the first aid steps demonstrated in the book; running time: 30 min

Topics covered include:

  • Chapter 1: Protect Your Dog’s Health
  • Chapter 2: Giving Your Dog Medications
  • Chapter 3: Be Prepared
  • Chapter 4: How to Know if It’s a Medical Emergency
  • Chapter 5: Respond to a Breathing or Heart Emergency
  • Chapter 6: First Aid Reference Guide
    • Allergies
    • Bite Wounds
    • Bone, Muscle and Joint Injuries
    • Choking
    • Ear Problems

The American Red Cross curriculum specifically for cats includes similar topics for dogs such as: Protect Your Cat’s Health, Giving Your Cat Medications, Be Prepared, How to Know if It’s a Medical Emergency, Respond to a Breathing or Heart Emergency, First Aid Reference Guide: Allergies and Allergic Reactions, Bone, Muscle and Joint Injuries, Fever, Insect Bites, Poisoning, and 55 other feline medical emergencies.

These topics seem trivial for some people but a fur parent, they are real issues and emergencies that can occur and we need to know what to do in the event we cannot immediately get to a vet to get the pet the care it needs and knowing when something isn’t quite normal and needs advanced medical care just like humans.

One great thing about this class is it can be taught in multiple settings to make it extremely fun! Encourage local vets to advertise and participate as well as doggie day cares and pet spas.  People will definitely be willing to know what to do to get the knowledge and take home book that can better help them help their fur children.


Read more here

CPR Essentials for Swim Instructors

When swim instructors are working with children and those that maybe afraid of water and getting used to the process of sticking their face in water in preparation to learn how to swim can be extremely overwhelming for them. Individuals can easily become overwhelmed and get excited when  learning new things in the water. It is extremely important for swim instructors to be proficient in CPR.

This is a personal story below to give you an idea of the importance:

Growing up in Arkansas one of the things we always did in the summer time was go to a creek or a pond to go swimming and many times this was a family adventure. And in the middle to late 1970s, all the kids in our community would take swimming lessons in preparation for these adventures. As a young child taking these lessons, I experienced the excitement of learning new things in the water and learning how to swim and how tiring it became. We often times got a little brave and went deeper in the pool than we were supposed to and one of my swim mates got a little too tired and swam away from the group, my mother saw this and jumped in after the child and pulled him to safety. The swim coach came running and realized that if the child had drowned no one would have known what to do. Since the late 1970s, it has become mandatory for swim instructors and lifeguards to become CPR certified.

Check with the Red Cross:

The first stop for anybody in search of information on lifeguards should be the organization that oversees training, certification and continuing education for most lifeguards throughout the U.S.: the Red Cross. The Red Cross explained that every lifeguard needs to be properly taught and certified in several techniques. It takes at least 25 hours and 20 minutes to complete a traditional in-person training course, though some prospective lifeguards can take a hybrid online course that takes slightly longer. The Red Cross has other courses that have been reconstructed as late as the middle of 2017 with the most recent guidelines. They now have the following courses:

  • Lifeguarding
  • Junior Lifeguarding
  • Waterfront skills
  • Waterpark skills
  • Shallow Water Lifeguarding

There are courses for all age groups from young children to adults and all levels of swim instructions for swim instructors to waterpark lifeguards. The biggest question one has to ask, “do I know what to do if I have a potentially drowning victim?” If not properly trained a lay person can become a victim of drowning before a rescue even occurs. There are proper protocol and procedures to follow when helping a drowning victim. Reach or throw – don’t go!! Reach or throw a life line to the person rather than go in for them unless you are specifically trained to do so. ALL of the classes listed above will teach you the skills to do such life saving measures for someone in distress.

We see a lot of teenagers as lifeguards and swim instructors and they need comprehensive training to keep those learners safe at all times. Find a class today and become trained. #beprepared

Read More Articles here

CPR vs BLS Comparison 2018

What?  There’s a difference between CPR classes?????

Yes, there are different levels of CPR Training.  Let’s look at some of those differences and discuss the meaning of those differences.

The most common BLS (Basic Life Support) for healthcare providers is through the American Heart Association and here is the course description: (aha.org)

The BLS Course trains participants to promptly recognize several life-threatening emergencies, give high-quality chest compressions, deliver appropriate ventilations and provide early use of an AED. In the Instructor-led course, students participate in simulated clinical scenarios and learning stations. Students work with an AHA BLS Instructor to complete BLS skills practice and skills testing. Students also complete a written exam.

The American Red Cross is less common but also available: (redcross.org)

Basic Life Support for Healthcare Providers (BLS) uses a scenario-based approach to develop the critical thinking and problem-solving skills that drive better patient outcomes. It is consistent with AHA Guidelines for CPR/ECC, and covers breathing and cardiac emergencies – including CPR, AED, and obstructed airway – for adult, child, and infant patients. Courses are delivered nationwide by our expert instructors, and give you the flexibility to complete part of your training online through our dynamic Simulation Learning experience, which combines online coursework with in-person skills sessions, so you can earn your BLS certification your way..

This is the Description of the American Heart Association HeartSaver Course that is for Lay responders: (aha.org)

Heartsaver courses are designed for anyone with little or no medical training who needs a course completion card for job, regulatory (for example, OSHA), or other requirements. These courses can also be taken by anyone who wants to be prepared for an emergency in any setting. For many Heartsaver courses, students receive a course completion card that is valid for 2 years.

Look at other CPR Blog Postings here 

Hello Health & Safety Enthusiasts!!

I like sharing the fun things I see on TV, social media and articles that I see involving health and safety.  I want to share some of those topics funny things and serious things with you here.


Lets take a look at some of the issues we see with health and safety training. . .